Elko, NV Profile: Facts & Data

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Elko, Nevada - Basic Facts

The City of Elko had a population of 20,942 as of July 1, 2019. Elko ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Nevada. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elko is located at latitude 40.8324 and longitude -115.7631 in Elko County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elko encompass a land area of 17.72 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Elko County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 5,066 feet.

The City of Elko (GNIS ID: 2410428) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Nevada is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Elko is located within Elko Division of Elko County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elko: Ballous Addition.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Elko 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Elko (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Nevada Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Nevada Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Elko, NV Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Elko, NV Housing Affordability Index is 147
State of Nevada Housing Affordability Index is 108
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Elko, NV Wealth Index is 85
State of Nevada Wealth Index is 85
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties / Independent Cities, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Nevada COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 20,942 (100%)
Population in Households 20,496 (97.9%)
Population in Families 16,561 (79.1%)
Population in Group Quarters1 446 ( 2.1%)
Population Density 1,172
Diversity Index2 66
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $77,273
Average Household Income $90,887
Per Capita Income $33,303
Wealth Index4 85

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 8,373 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,392 (52.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 3,247 (38.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 734 ( 8.8%)
Median Home Value $276,271
Housing Affordability Index3 147
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 7,639
Average Household Size 2.68
Family Households 5,102
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 1.46% 1.41%
Households 1.35% 1.41%
Families 1.4% 1.44%
Median Household Income   1.28%
Per Capita Income   2.17%

Elko, NV - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elko to the other 131 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Nevada by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 16 89th
Population Density # 20 85th
Diversity Index # 32 76th
Median Household Income # 32 76th
Per Capita Income # 38 72nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Nevada Census Data Comparison Tool.

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